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Legality: M4 vs. M1/M2


FieldGunner
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It is my understanding that a person may not have 2 or more of the following on a semi-auto shotgun or the gun will be illegal:

collapsible stock

pistol grip

extension tube allowing more than 5 shells

(exception: if you have a form 1? or if you have numerous (5?) American made parts on the gun)

 

Assuming my understanding is correct (let me know if not), how are M1s and M2s legal with the factory pistol grip and factory extension tube and the M4 is illegal when you put an extension tube on it with collapsible pistol grip?

 

I am sure I have missed this topic somewhere while spending nearly 3 hours on the cool website this weekend. Please educate me.

 

FieldGunner

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If you have an American made semi auto shotgun, you can do whatever you want to it with American made parts EXCEPT shorten the bbl to less than 18 inches OR shorten the overall length to less than 26 inches. The restriction you refer to above applies to shotguns assembled from imported parts, which of course the Benelli M4 is. Use the search function here and you'll find numerous lengthy threads about the relevant US Codes and ways to work around them legally. The most common approach is to buy enough US parts to replace 5 of the 15 that put the Benelli M4 over the 10 imported part limit.

 

If you want a bbl less than 18 inches or a shorter OA length than 26 inches, you have to submit a BATF Form 1, application to make and register a short barreled shotgun, along with a $200 tax payment, and wait for approval.

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It is my understanding that a person may not have 2 or more of the following on a semi-auto shotgun or the gun will be illegal:

collapsible stock

pistol grip

extension tube allowing more than 5 shells

(exception: if you have a form 1? or if you have numerous (5?) American made parts on the gun)

 

Assuming my understanding is correct (let me know if not), how are M1s and M2s legal with the factory pistol grip and factory extension tube and the M4 is illegal when you put an extension tube on it with collapsible pistol grip?

 

I am sure I have missed this topic somewhere while spending nearly 3 hours on the cool website this weekend. Please educate me.

 

FieldGunner

 

It's always best to contact your local ATF office and state DOJ.

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